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Music for the Royal Fireworks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Music for the Royal Fireworks (HWV 351) is a wind band suite composed by George Frideric Handel in 1749 under contract ofGeorge II of Great Britain for the fireworks in London's Green Park on 27 April 1749. It was to celebrate the end of the War of the Austrian Succession and the signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748.

Handel's Fireworks Music, performed at his GRACE the Duke of RICHMOND'S at WHITEHALL and on the River Thames on Monday 15 May 1749. Performed by the direction of Charles Fredrick Esq. A hand-coloured etching.

The performing musicians were in a specially constructed building that had been designed by Servandoni, a theatre designer. The music provided a background for the royal fireworks that were designed by Thomas Desguliers,[1] son of the cleric and scientist John Theophilus Desaguliers. However, the display was not as successful as the music itself: the enormous wooden building caught fire after the collapse of a bas relief of George II. However, the music had been performed publicly six days earlier, on 21 April 1749 when there was a full rehearsal of the music at Vauxhall Gardens. Over twelve thousand people, each paying 2/6,[2]rushed for it, causing a three-hour traffic jam of carriages after the main route to the area south of the river was closed due to the collapse of the central arch of newly built London Bridge.

Music and instrumentation

Music for the Royal Fireworks opens with a French overture and includes a bourrée and two minuets.

The work is in five movements:

  1. Ouverture: Adagio, Allegro, Lentement, Allegro
  2. Bourrée
  3. La Paix: Largo alla siciliana
  4. La Réjouissance: Allegro
  5. Menuets I and II

It was scored for a large wind band ensemble consisting of 24 oboes, 12 bassoons (and a contrabassoon), nine natural trumpets, ninenatural horns, three pairs of kettledrums, and side drums which were given only the direction to play "ad libitum"; no side drum parts were written by Handel. Handel was specific about the numbers of instruments to each written part. In the overture there are assigned three players to each of the three trumpet parts; the 24 oboes are divided 12, 8 and 4; and the 12 bassoons are divided 8 and 4. The side drums were instructed when to play in La Réjouissance and the second Menuet, but very likely also played in the Ouverture.

After the first performance Handel re-scored the suite for full orchestra. Handel wrote notices in the score: the violins to play the oboe parts, the cellos and double basses the bassoon part, and the violas either a lower wind or bass part. The instruments from the original band instrumentation play all the movements in the revised orchestral edition except the gentle Bourrée and the first Menuet, which are played by only the oboes, bassoons, and strings alone.[3]

Recordings

There are many recordings. Handel's "Water Music", although it was composed more than thirty years earlier, is often paired with the "Music for the Royal Fireworks" as both were written for outdoor performance. Together, these works constitute Handel's most famous music for what we would now consider the orchestra. Older recordings tend to use arrangements of Handel's score for the modern orchestra, for example the arrangements by Hamilton Harty and Leopold Stokowski. More recent recordings tend to use morehistorically informed performance methods appropriate for baroque music and often use authentic instruments.

There are also several arrangements for pipe organ, alone or with brass.

This music was performed for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II on June 1, 2002, at the Buckingham Palace gardens, complete with fireworks.[4]

References

  1. Jump up^ Great Britain. Board of Ordnance A description of the machine for the fireworks, with all its ornaments, and a detail of the manner in which they are to be exhibited in St. James's Park, Thursday, April 27, 1749, on account of the general peace, signed at Aix La Chapelle, October 7, 1748. Published by order of His Majesty's Board of Ordnance. London : printed by W. Bowyer, sold by R. Dodsley, and M. Cooper. 1749.
  2. Jump up^ 2/6 = Two shillings and six pence
  3. Jump up^ Preface notes and score Fr. Chrysander, Water-Music, Firework-Music, Concertos and Double Concertos for Full Orchestra by George Frederic Handel, reprinted 1965, Gregg Press Inc., New Jersey, U.S.A.
  4. Jump up^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4BQemxvhhDQ

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Ascult cu mare plăcere si multumesc pentru muzica buna, postata pe acest site.
Si, referitor la piesa lui Haendel ,Royal Fireworks, cum sa nu-ți placa aceasta explozie de bucurie?! parca si vezi ceremonia regala somptuoasa, care emotioneaza, te face sa vibrezi si îți aprinde curiozitatea si dorinta de a nu scapă nici cel mai mic detaliu al marelui eveniment! Frumusetea muzicii si ritmul ei alert te îndeamnă sa bati măsura si sa aplauzi chiar dacă nu ești în sala de concert ci ....doar in fata computerului! Iar, dupa ce ultimele note muzicale s-au stins, melodia ramine acolo, staruie in minte si te obsedeaza!

Integral de acord cu dumneavoastra, doamna Ciovica. Si de aceea, m-am gindit ca primele intrebari ale concursului sa fie din muzica baroca si renascentista, care creaza o stare de bine aproape ireala. Amin colectie citeva zeci de CD-uri de asemenea muzica, pe care le reascult cu placere oricind. 

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