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Vatican Library Puts 4,000 Ancient Manuscripts Available Online For Free

http://www.theeventchronicle.com/study/vatican-library-puts-4000-an...

The Vatican Apostolic Library is now digitising its valuable ancient religious manuscripts and putting them online via its website, available for the public to view for free, as well as turning to crowdfunding to help it complete its work.

The Vatican Library was founded in 1451 AD and holds over 80,000 manuscripts, prints, drawings, plates and incunabula (books printed prior to 1500 AD) written throughout history by people of different faiths from across the world.

01vatlibBilingual version of the Iliad, with Greek text and Latin translation, double facing page(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

The library also includes letters from important historical figures, drawings and notes by artists and scientists such as Michelangelo and Galileo, as well as treaties from all eras in history.

The ancient documents are now being preserved under the DigitaVaticana programme using FITS, the format developed by Nasa to store images, astronomical, and astrophysical data, and until now, only 500 manuscripts and 600 incunabula were available to view on the Vatican Library website.

02vatlib2Pre-Columbian Aztec manuscript, written probably near Puebla (Mexico) at the end of the fifteenth century (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

Now, the Vatican has teamed up with Japanese firm NTT Data to digitise a further 3,000 manuscripts by 2018.

The manuscripts will be available as high-definition images that can be accessed using NTT Data’s AMLAD digital archive viewing technology (you can view some samples here), which can be used on a multitude of devices including tablets.

vatlib3Beautifully illuminated Hebrew manuscript of the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides, dated between 1451 and 1475.(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

Right now, users have to search the old digitised database manually by clicking on each title and scanning through all the pages in each book, but the AMLAD viewer will have a comprehensive search function built-in and ready to use by the end of 2014.

The Vatican is also still seeking funds to digitise the remaining 76,000 manuscripts, which it estimates will take more than 15 years, over €50m, and the efforts of more than 150 specialised experts.

vatlib4Vatican Virgil produced in Rome around 400 AD, one of the few surviving examples of ancient illustration of a classic text. The codex, studied by Raphael and purchased by Fulvio Orsini in 1579, arrived in the Vatican Library in 1600.(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

In June 2014, the Vatican held a fundraising event and gave attending guests an exclusive guided tour of areas generally closed to the public, including the Library halls, laboratories and the caveau where the manuscripts are safeguarded, with dinner in the Sistine Hall.

vatlib5A Japanese dance painting, one of 11 watercolor paints representing figures of Japanese dance, centuries XVI – XVIII.(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

The Vatican is also turning to crowdfunding and is now seeking donations of €5 (£4, $6.38) to save a single page in a manuscript, while donations of at least €1,000 will see the backer included on the official supporters list.

Companies can also choose to become a partner like NTT Data and work with the Vatican on preserving irreplaceable ancient texts.

vatlib6Oath, signed by 42 Christians of Kuchinotzu (Japan), to defend their missionaries to death, dated 1613.(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

vatlib7Collection of 73 fragments of the Koran Kufic (with a precious fragment h.ig(a-zi-) that belonged to the antiquarian and bibliophile Tàmmaro De Marinis. Donated to the Vatican Library in 1946.(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

“The originals will be kept safe in temperature and humidity-controlled anti-atomic bunkers,” the Vatican writes on the DigitaVaticana website.

vatlib8Illustrations of The Divine Comedy by Sandro Botticelli for Lorenzo the Magnificent, in XV century(Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)

“Thanks to technology we can preserve the past and bequeath it to the future. The manuscripts will be freely available to everyone on the Vatican Library website and the world’s knowledge will truly become humanity’s heritage.”

Source: Message to Eagle

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