Shems Tabrisi a fost maestrul lui Rumi (Mevlana), un dervis, mistic si prieten al lui, care l-a initiat. Din linia mistica sufita (care e dincolo de diferentele dintre religii).
"Ce e de făcut dacă nu mă recunosc?
Nu sunt nici creştin, nici evreu, nici musulman;
Nu sunt nici din est, nici din vest, nu sunt nici ţărmul, nici marea;
Nu sunt nicio comoară a Naturii, nici stelele din cer;
Nu sunt nici pământul, nici apa, focul sau aerul;
Nu sunt nici cerul, nici noroiul;
Nu sunt din India, China, Irak sau Kharasa;
Nu sunt al acestei lumi, dar nici al celeilalte;
Nu sunt al Paradisului şi nici al Iadului;
Nu sunt nici Adam, nici Eva, Eden sau Rizvan.
Locul meu este unde nu este niciun loc,
Urma mea este fără urmă;
Nu sunt nici corpul, nici sufletul, pentru că eu aparţin Preaiubitului meu.
Am renunţat la dualitate şi am văzut amândouă lumile ca fiind doar una,
Doar pe Tine Te caut, pe Tine Te ştiu, pe Tine Te văd, pe Tine Te chem.
Tu eşti cel dintâi, ultimul, cel din exterior şi cel din interior,
Nu cunosc pe nimeni decât pe Tine, Cel Care Eşti
Cupa iubirii mi-a umplut sufletul, iar cele două lumi mi-au scăpat din mână."
"Pe cei care nu simt iubirea ca pe un torent, care nu beau zorile ca pe o ceaşcă de ceai, sau care nu-şi fac comoară dintr-un apus, pe cei care nu vor să se trezească, pe aceia lăsaţi-i să doarmă."
"Nu vei putea trăi fără flacără dacă ai cunoscut extazul arderii."
"Whoever you may be, come
Even though you may be
An infidel, a pagan, or a fire-worshiper, come
Our brotherhood is not one of despair
Even though you have broken
Your vows of repentance a hundred times, come.
Oricine-ai fi, vino
Chiar daca esti
Un necredincios, un pagan sau unul dintre-aceia care venereaza focul.
Fratia noastra nu e una a disperarii
Chiar daca ti-ai incalcat
Juramintele de pocainta de o suta de ori, vino, esti binevenit."
" Tu, cel care Il cauti pe Dumnezeu in afara ta,
Tu insuti esti Ceea ce cauti.
Atunci de ce sa cauti ceva ce nu ai pierdut niciodata?
Nu mai crede asa ceva: nu ai pierdut nimic, nu mai cauta!
Tu esti scrisorile, numele si cartile,
Profetii si ingerii cuvantul tau il propovaduiesc.
Stai linistit, da drumul acestei cautari zadarnice!
Tu esti casa, stapanul si cei ce ti se-mpotrivesc.
Esenta si forma, ceresc si pamantesc,
Intotdeauna etern, in moarte si in nastere, firesc. "
Intâlnirea care va marca decisiv destinul lui Rumi va fi cea cu Shams Tabrizi, un maestru rătăcitor. Dintre multiplele poveşti referitoare la prima întâlnire, o alegem pe cea a unui contemporan. Conform acestuia, Shams l-a găsit pe Rumi înconjurat de discipoli şi de cărţi şi l-a întrebat, arătând spre manuscrise: „Ce sunt acestea?“. Rumi a răspuns, cu superioritate: „Lucruri pe care nu le ştii“. Atunci, cărţile au luat foc, instantaneu. A fost rândul lui Rumi să întrebe, uimit: „Ce e asta?“. Iar Shams i-a răspuns „Un lucru pe care tu nu-l ştii“. Atunci, Rumi şi-a lăsat discipolii şi familia şi a mers după Shams.
Legătura spirituală dintre cei doi va deveni atât de puternică, încât Shams va fi nevoit să îl părăsească pe Rumi, din cauză că ceilalţi discipoli ai acestuia deveniseră invidioşi. De altfel, Shams va sfârşi asasinat, iar Rumi, neconsolat, va institui ceremonia sama, ca o uniune liturgică cu divinitatea, obţinută prin intermediul emoţiei şi a beţiei provocate de muzică şi de dans. Astfel, dacă nu a mai putut să îşi regăsească maestrul asasinat în lumea exterioară, l-a găsit în interiorul propriei fiinţe sau, mai exact, a reuşit să acceadă, prin sama, la stările de conştiinţă la care avusese acces împreună cu Shams.
Shams’ first encounter with Rumi
On 15 November 1244, a man in a black suit from head to toe came to the famous inn of Sugar Merchants of Konya
. His name was Shams Tabrizi. He was claiming to be a travelling merchant. As it was said in Haji Bektash Veli
's book, "Makalat", he was looking for something which he was going to find in Konya
. Eventually he found Rumi riding a horse.
One day Rumi was reading next to a large stack of books. Shams Tabriz, passing by, asked him, "What are you doing?" Rumi scoffingly replied, "Something you cannot understand." (This is knowledge that cannot be understood by the unlearned.) On hearing this, Shams threw the stack of books into a nearby pool of water. Rumi hastily rescued the books and to his surprise they were all dry. Rumi then asked Shams, "What is this?" To which Shams replied, "Mowlana, this is what you cannot understand." (This is knowledge that cannot be understood by the learned.)
A second version of the tale has Shams passing by Rumi who again is reading a book. Rumi regards him as an uneducated stranger. Shams asks Rumi what he is doing, to which Rumi replies, "Something that you do not understand!" At that moment, the books suddenly catch fire and Rumi asks Shams to explain what happened. His reply was, "Something you do not understand."
Another version of the first encounter is this: In the marketplace of Konya, amid the cotton stalls, sugar vendors, and vegetable stands, Rumi rode through the street, surrounded by his students. Shams caught hold of the reins of his donkey and rudely challenged the master with two questions. “Who was the greater mystic, Bayazid [a Sufi saint] or Muhammad?” Shams demanded. "What a strange question! Muhammad is greater than all the saints," Rumi replied. "So, why is it then that Muhammad said to God, ‘I didn’t know you as I should have,’ while Bayazid proclaimed, ‘Glory be to me! How exalted is my Glory! [that is, he claimed the station of God himself]?" Rumi explained that Muhammad was the greater of the two, because Bayazid could be filled to capacity by a single experience of divine blessings. He lost himself completely and was filled with God. Muhammad’s capacity was unlimited and could never be filled. His desire was endless, and he was always thirsty. With every moment he came closer to God, and then regretted his former distant state. For that reason he said, “I have never known you as I should have.”
It is recorded that after this exchange of words, Rumi felt a window open at the top of his head and saw smoke rise to heaven. He cried out, fell to the ground, and lost consciousness for one hour.
Shams, upon hearing these answers, realized that he was face to face with the object of his longing, the one he had prayed God to send him. When Rumi awoke, he took Shams’s hand, and the two of them returned to Rumi’s school together on foot.
After several years with Rumi in Konya
, Shams left and settled in Khoy
. As the years passed, Rumi attributed more and more of his own poetry to Shams as a sign of love for his departed friend and master. In Rumi's poetry Shams becomes a guide of Allah's (Creator) love for mankind; Shams was a sun ("Shams" means "Sun" in Arabic) shining the Light of Sun as guide for the right path dispelling darkness in Rumi's heart, mind, and body on earth. The source of Shams' teachings was the knowledge of Ali ibn Abu Talib
, who is also called the father of sufism
According to contemporary Sufi tradition, Shams Tabrizi mysteriously disappeared: some say he was killed by close disciples of Mowlana Jalaluddin Rumi who were jealous of the close relationship between Rumi and Shams, but according to many certain evidences
he left Konya and died in Khoy
where he was buried. Sultan Walad
's son, in his Walad-Nama mathnawi
just mentions that Shams mysteriously disappeared from Konya with no more specific details.[not in citation given]
Shams Tabrizi's tomb in Khoy, beside a tower monument in a memorial park, has been nominated as a World Cultural Heritage Center by UNESCO